External Hemorrhoids are swollen areas of skin and blood vessels around
the anus. They develop around the external opening of the anus. It is
usually very painful as the skin around them is very sensitive. Most of
the times, they are just bothersome protrusions, which make hygiene and
personal care very difficult. Hemorrhoid laser treatment is usually “last
resort” for hemorrhoids patients.
There are five types of hemorrhoid surgery. Three are used for external hemorrhoids- hemorrhoidectomy, laser coagulation or infrared photocoagulation. Injection sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation are used for internal hemorrhoids. These hemorrhoids are not curable with ointments and other non surgical methods. The help of laser surgery is needed for getting rid of these hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids laser surgery is a process where skilled surgeons use laser light with pinpoint accuracy. In this process the unwanted hemorrhoid is simply vaporized or excised. The laser beam is infinitely small, which allows precision and accuracy. This helps in usually rapid and unimpaired healing. Earlier, Laser coagulation was applied which involved an electric current being applied to the hemorrhoid through an electrode probe. The hemorrhoid went through a chemical reaction that stopped blood flow to the hemorrhoid and allows the swollen tissue to shrink. But now Surgeons are using the sophisticated laser in Hemorrhoids laser surgery. This laser provides pinpoint accuracy for vaporizing or removing various types of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids laser surgery results in less discomfort. The use of medication is also decreased and the healing process is much faster. Usually a hospital stay is not required and the patient is released in few hours. The laser is inherently therapeutic and targets the sealing off nerves and tiny blood vessels. This is done with the help of an invisible light. Post operative discomfort is also something the patient is relieved of, as by sealing superficial nerve endings patients the discomfort is minimum. The proctologist closes the tiny blood vessels, which enables the operation in a controlled and bloodless environment. The entire procedure is comparatively less painful and uncomfortable for both the patient and the doctor. The procedure is much quicker, which is a relief for both the doctor and the patient. Hemorrhoids laser surgery is used alone or in combination with other modalities.
Even hemorrhoids laser surgery has certain side effects like - infection, under correction and over correction.